An affidavit is a written statement from an individual which is sworn to be true – it is essentially an oath that what they are saying is the truth. An affidavit will be used along with witness statements to prove the truthfulness of a certain statement in court.
The contents of an affidavit reflect the personal knowledge of the individual making the statement. This means that someone cannot be penalised for failing to include information which they were not aware of.
This personal knowledge can include personal opinion rather than fact; however, it must be stated that this is opinion not fact.
Any individual can offer an affidavit as long as they have the mental capacity to understand the seriousness of the oath.
In certain cases an affidavit can be offered on behalf of someone else, for example a guardian can submit one for an individual who is severely mentally ill.
If an individual knowingly makes a false a statement in an affidavit they commit an offence ofand could be fined or imprisoned.
The most common times which an individual will be required to use an affidavit is in the following circumstances:
However, an affidavit can be a required piece of documentation in any dispute before a court.
Individuals will be prompted to use an affidavit where the rules of the court require them. As most individuals will employ a solicitor to oversee their court case, their solicitor will tell them when an affidavit must be used.
When completing an affidavit you must ensure you write your account of the facts or the events exactly as they happened. You must try to use plain English, rather than resorting to legal jargon. You should also refrain from making personal comments about the other party to the action.
If an individual is completing an affidavit it must usually be signed in the presence of a solicitor. In some cases though, it can be signed in front of a notary public or another judicial officer who has administered the oath.
If you sign your affidavit in front of a solicitor or a notary public they will usually charge a fee for swearing the affidavit. However, if this process is done at court there will be no charge.
When an individual offers an affidavit, they should ensure they have read over it to ensure it is correct. If any errors are found in the document they should be corrected before it is signed – this is a condition regardless of whether it is convenient for the officials taking down the information and witnessing.
Nicola is a dual qualified journalist and non-practising solicitor. She is a legal journalist, editor and author with more than 20 years' experience writing about the law.
When you submit your details, you'll be in safe hands. Our partners are National Accident Helpline (a brand of National Accident Law, a firm of personal injury solicitors regulated by the Solicitors Regulation Authority). They are the UK's leading personal injury service. Their friendly legal services advisers will call you to talk about your claim and give you free, no-obligation advice. National Accident Law may pay us a marketing fee for our services.
By submitting your personal data, you agree for your details to be sent to National Accident Law so they can contact you to discuss your claim.
If you win your case, your solicitor's success fee will be taken from the compensation you are awarded - up to a maximum of 25%. Your solicitor will discuss any fees before starting your case.